Nikko National Park is so huge that it encompasses four prefectures on Honsh, Japan’s largest island. The scale of the park is amazing, but what truly distinguishes this protected wilderness is the way it integrates nature, history, and spirituality. The varied environment, which was designated a national park in 1934, contains large lakes, active volcanoes, thundering waterfalls, and the Senjogahara marshes. The park contains a diverse range of flora and fauna, including 200,000 rhododendron plants, as well as monkeys and bears which live in the wetlands.
Japanese rhododendron: description, cultivation, popular varieties. Rhododendron belongs to the genus of deciduous, semi-deciduous, evergreen trees and shrubs of the heather family. It includes 800-1300 species. These include domestic azaleas, which are also called indoor rhododendron. It is distributed in the Himalayas, Japan, South China, North America and Korea.
Historic Shinto shrines, such as Nikk Tsh-g, established in 1617, and Buddhist temples, such as Rinn-ji, finished in 766, dot the countryside. The Shrines and other monuments here are so important that they have been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Shrines and Temples of Nikkō.
- Notable places
- Nikkō Tōshō-gū, a Shinto shrine, Nikkō, Tochigi Prefecture
- Rinnō-ji, a Buddhist temple, Nikkō
- Lake Chūzenji, 11.62 square kilometres (4.49 sq mi), a scenic lake, Nikkō
- Kegon Falls, 97 metres (318 ft), one of Japan’s three highest waterfalls
- Ryūzu Falls, 60 metres (200 ft), a scenic twin waterfalls
- Mount Nantai, 2,486 metres (8,156 ft), rises dramatically above Lake Chūzenji
- Mount Nikkō-Shirane, 2,578 metres (8,458 ft), a shield volcano