Robberg — Marine Protected Areas South Africa

BENEFITS

  • PROTECTS SANDY AND ROCKY SHORE ECOSYSTEMS

  • PROTECTS FEEDINGS AREAS OF SEALS AND SEABIRDS

  • PRESERVES COAST WITH RICH HUMAN HISTORY

Dolphins

A peninsula surrounded by productive waters, abounding with seabirds, whales, dolphins, seals, and sharks.

The marine area around the Robberg Peninsula is included in this small 26.2 km2 MPA, ( A Marine Protected Area )(MPA) is an area of coastline or ocean that is specially protected for the benefit of people and nature, established in 1990. The shoreline is mostly rocky, with a 1-kilometer stretch of sandy beach. The MPA protects the rugged peninsula’s rocky, mixed, and sandy shore ecosystems. The area is productive, and seabirds, whales, dolphins, seals, and sharks call it home. The inshore and offshore reefs provide habitats for various indigenous fish species. The name of this MPA comes from the Afrikaans word for seal (i.e. rob), as it is home to a small colony of Cape fur seals on the peninsula’s western side. Visitors enjoy kayaking and swimming with the seals, as well as viewing them from vessels operated by registered tourism firms. The scenery is breathtaking, and the extensive network of hiking routes assures that tourists will never be bored. Many artifacts indicating Stone Age settlement have been discovered in caves surrounding the Robberg Peninsula, providing unique glimpses into the history of humans along this shoreline. Cape Nature manages Robberg; shore fishing is permitted in the MPA, but no boating or spearfishing is allowed.

MPAs aid in the management of a portion of the maritime environment enhancing fisheries sustainability, maintain healthy marine ecosystems, and protect a diversity of wildlife that live there, allowing people to benefit from the ocean. MPAs are constituted in South Africa under the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act.

Source: Robberg — Marine Protected Areas South Africa

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature ) gives a global definition of MPAs, stating that in order to qualify and be recognized as an MPA, a place must match the IUCN protected area definition: An MPA is

“A clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated, and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values.

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The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education.

Founded: 5 October 1948; 72 years ago, Fontainebleau, France
Key people: Dr Bruno Oberle (Director General), Zhang Xinsheng (President)
Location: Gland, Switzerland
Members: 1,400

Source International Union for Conservation of Nature – Wikipedia