Sintra – Greater Lisbon, Portugal.

Sintra Flag
The municipal building of Sintra, constructed after 1154 to house the local administration
Sintra Coat of Arms

History

Prehistory to Moorish occupation

The earliest example of human occupation was discovered in Penha Verde, and these relics date from the early Paleolithic.[17] Equivalent artefacts were discovered in an open-air site in So Pedro de Canaferrim, alongside the chapel of the Castelo dos Mouros (Moorish Castle), dating from the Neolithic and including decorated ceramics and microlithic flint utensils from the Neolithic.

Ceramic fragments discovered in the Sintra mountains, including many late Chalcolithic vases, suggest that between the fourth and third millennia B.C. A Neolithic/Chalcolithic settlement was found nearby (to the present-day village of Sintra). The evidence found at Quinta das Sequoias and São Pedro de Canaferrim contrasts sharply with remnants found in Penha Verde’s walled settlement and the Bella Vista funerary monument. Many Bronze Age remains have also been unearthed in the Sintra Mountains, notably alongside the town, in the Monte do Sereno area, and within the Moorish Castle, dating from the 9th–6th century B.C.

The most renowned piece from this period is the “Sintra Collar,” a middle Bronze Age gold neck-ring discovered near the city at the end of the nineteenth century and held in the British Museum’s collection since 1900. Nearby, in Santa Eufémia da Serra, there is an Iron Age town where artefacts from indigenous tribes and Mediterranean peoples (mostly from the Punic period) have been uncovered. 

These are from the early fourth century B.C., before the Romanization of the peninsula, which began in the middle of the second century B.C. in the Foz do Tejo area …….Sintra – Wikipedia

Geography

Physical Geography

The town of Sintra sitting atop the Sintra Mountains, the exposed granite formation of igneous rock extending to the Atlantic Ocean

The Sintra Mountains, a ten-kilometer-long granite massif known as the Monte da Lua (Moon Mountain) or Promontorium Lunae by local astral cults, rise abruptly between a vast plain to the north and the northern margin of the Tagus River estuary, winding in a serpentine cordillera towards the Atlantic Ocean and Cabo da Roca, the most westerly point of the continent.

The São João platform, on the northern flank of the Sintra Mountains, has altitudes ranging from 100 to 150 metres (110 to 160 yards), whereas the Cascais platform, on the southern flank, is lower, sloping from 150 to 160 metres (160 yards) to the sea and terminating around 30 metres (33 yards) above sea level. [20] [21] The massif’s east-west orientation, its end at the coast, and the nature of igneous rocks, which resist erosion, combine to create stunning relief. [21] The Eruptive Massif of Sintra (MES) is a dome formation produced by layers of Upper Jurassic and early Cretaceous sedimentary rocks (limestones and sandstones)…..Sintra – Wikipedia

Human Geography

The municipality is administered by 11 civil parish (Portuguesefreguesias) councils, with local authority to administer services and provide local governance, which are:[25]

There are various hamlets and settlements in Sintra, notably the affluent Linhó, Sintra.

Sintra’s population rose significantly in the late twentieth century, rising from around 14 percent of the Lisbon region to 19 percent, with the majority of residents concentrated in the crucial Queluz-Portela corridor, which runs through the municipality’s south-east portion.

  Approximately 82 percent of the municipality’s population was concentrated in this area, with the most enticing parishes being So Pedro de Penaferrim, Rio de Mouro, Belas, and Algueiro-Mem Martins. 

The buildings in the central square of São Martinho, across from the Sintra National Palace

With lower mortality rates, the region has seen an increase in newborn births, mostly due to late births, but also a rise in the number of seniors in the community (56.5 percent in 2001). Despite this, Sintra is still considered to have the youngest population in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Lisbon.  Young adults (30 to 39 years old) dominate Sintra’s neighbourhoods, with greater numbers of seniors in the parishes of Pêro Pinheiro, Terrugem, São Martinho, São João das Lampas, Santa Maria e  São Miguel, Montelavar, Colares, Queluz, and Almargem do Bispo.  Around 80% of the population was born outside of town, with 21% of those born in the city. …Sintra – Wikipedia

Landmarks

Sintra has a great number of preserved or classified architectural buildings:

Prehistoric

Civic

Culture

  • The Puppet House of Sintra[31] (PortugueseCasa da Marioneta de Sintra)
  • Valdevinos Cultural Association[32] (PortugueseValdevinos Associação Cultural

Military

Religious

The front façade and fountain of the Queluz National Palace

Gallery – Queluz40TE – Sintra – Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sintra#/media/File:Queluz40TE.jpg

All images are in the public domain or Creative Commons share alike license