Belém Tower-Lisbon Portugal

Belém Tower

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

belem-tower
Belém Tower in Lisbon, Portugal For some, this picturesque view was the last glimpse of freedom before imprisonment in the dungeons. For others, it was a place to rally the defense of Belém in southwestern Lisbon, Portugal, during three centuries of waxing and waning conflict. At its most prosaic, the Belém Tower was also used as a custom’s house to collect taxes from maritime traffic. Whatever its use, the limestone fortress has stood as a magnificent example of Manueline architecture since 1519 on the bank of the Tagus River. It’s a pretty sturdy building, too: Belém Tower survived an earthquake and tsunami that destroyed 85 percent of Lisbon in 1755.

 

This article is about the tower in Lisbon, Portugal. For the one in Córdoba, Spain, see Torre de Belén.

Contents

Belém Tower
Torre de Belém
Lisbon, Grande Lisboa, Lisbon in Portugal
The iconic quarter façade of the Tower of Belém on the bank of the Tagus River
Belém Tower

Location of the Belém Tower within the municipality of Lisbon

Coordinates 38°41′30″N 9°12′58″WCoordinates: 38°41′30″N 9°12′58″W
Type Fortification
Site information
Owner Portuguese Republic
Operator Centro de eLearning do Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (IPT) e Área
Open to
the public
Public
Site history
Built c. 1514
Materials Pedra Lioz (Limestone), Tile, Wood

Belém Tower (Portuguese: Torre de Belém, pronounced [ˈtoʁ(ɨ) dɨ bɨˈlɐ̃ȷ̃]), or the “Tower of St Vincent”,[1] is a fortified tower located in the civil parish of Santa Maria de Belém in the municipality of Lisbon, Portugal. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (along with the nearby Jerónimos Monastery)[2] because of the significant role it played in the Portuguese maritime discoveries of the era of the Age of Discoveries. The tower was commissioned by King John II to be part of a defence system at the mouth of the Tagus river and a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon.[3]

The tower was built in the early 16th century and is a prominent example of the Portuguese Manueline style,[4] but it also incorporates hints of other architectural styles.[5] The structure was built from Lioz limestone and is composed of a bastion and a 30-metre (98.4 ft),[1] four-storey tower. It has incorrectly been stated that the tower was built in the middle of the Tagus and now sits near the shore because the river was redirected after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. In fact, the tower was built on a small island in the Tagus River near the Lisbon shore.[5][6]

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Source: BelémTower wikipedia/wiki

Belém Tower and Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon, Portugal

jeronimos

Available at Trover. 2018. Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon, Portugal – Jerónimos Monastery, in…. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.trover.com/li/vZxg/ZXm6. [Accessed 12 November 2018].