Tanach – Nevi’im – Prophets

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King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba Piero della Francesca

Readings from the Hebrew Scriptures regarding Sheba

The Compete Jewish Bible with Rashi’s Commentary

Melachim I – I Kings – Chapter 10

With Rashi’s Commentary:

1When the Queen of Sheba heard of Solomon’s fame, because of the name of the Lord, and she came to test him with riddles. אוּמַלְכַּת שְׁבָא שֹׁמַעַת אֶת שֵׁמַע שְׁלֹמֹה לְשֵׁם יְהֹוָה וַתָּבֹא לְנַסֹּתוֹ בְּחִידוֹת:
2And she came to Jerusalem with a very large retinue, with camels bearing spices and very much gold and precious stones; and when she came to Solomon she spoke with him all that was in her heart. בוַתָּבֹא יְרוּשָׁלְַמָה בְּחַיִל כָּבֵד מְאֹד גְּמַלִּים נֹשְׂאִים בְּשָׂמִים וְזָהָב רַב מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה וַתָּבֹא אֶל שְׁלֹמֹה וַתְּדַבֵּר אֵלָיו אֵת כָּל אֲשֶׁר הָיָה עִם לְבָבָהּ:
3And Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was hidden from the king that he did not tell her. גוַיַּגֶּד לָהּ שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת כָּל דְּבָרֶיהָ לֹא הָיָה דָּבָר נֶעְלָם מִן הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר לֹא הִגִּיד לָהּ:
4And when the Queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom and the house that he had built. דוַתֵּרֶא מַלְכַּת שְׁבָא אֵת כָּל חָכְמַת שְׁלֹמֹה וְהַבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה:
5And the food of his table, and the seating of his servants and the station of his attendants and their attire and his cupbearers and his ascent by which he would go up to the Temple of the Lord, she was breathless. הוּמַאֲכַל שֻׁלְחָנוֹ וּמוֹשַׁב עֲבָדָיו וּמַעֲמַד מְשָׁרְתָיו (כתיב מְשָׁרְתָו) וּמַלְבֻּשֵׁיהֶם וּמַשְׁקָיו וְעֹלָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר יַעֲלֶה בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְלֹא הָיָה בָהּ עוֹד רוּחַ:
Rashi “and his ascent by which he would go up to the Temple of the Lord”: A passageway that he had prepared from his house to the Temple, by which he would go up to the house of the Lord.
6And she said to the king; “It was a true report that I heard in my country of your deeds and of your wisdom. ווַתֹּאמֶר אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ אֱמֶת הָיָה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַעְתִּי בְּאַרְצִי עַל דְּבָרֶיךָ וְעַל חָכְמָתֶךָ:
7However, I did not believe the words until I came and saw with my own eyes, and I have beheld that not even a half had been told to me. You have wisdom and goodness in excess of that which I have heard. זוְלֹא הֶאֱמַנְתִּי לַדְּבָרִים עַד אֲשֶׁר בָּאתִי וַתִּרְאֶינָה עֵינַי וְהִנֵּה לֹא הֻגַּד לִי הַחֵצִי הוֹסַפְתָּ חָכְמָה וָטוֹב אֶל הַשְּׁמוּעָה אֲשֶׁר שָׁמָעְתִּי:
8Fortunate are your men; fortunate are these your servants who always stand before you and listen to your profound wisdom. חאַשְׁרֵי אֲנָשֶׁיךָ אַשְׁרֵי עֲבָדֶיךָ אֵלֶּה הָעֹמְדִים לְפָנֶיךָ תָּמִיד הַשֹּׁמְעִים אֶת חָכְמָתֶךָ:
9Blessed be the Lord Your God, who preferred to place you on the throne of Israel; because of the Lord’s love for Israel forever, He appointed you as king to do justice and righteousness. טיְהִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בָּרוּךְ אֲשֶׁר חָפֵץ בְּךָ לְתִתְּךָ עַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּאַהֲבַת יְהֹוָה אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל לְעֹלָם וַיְשִֹימְךָ לְמֶלֶךְ לַעֲשֹוֹת מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה:
10And she gave the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold and very many spices and precious stones; there had never arrived such an abundance of spices as those which the Queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon. יוַתִּתֵּן לַמֶּלֶךְ מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים | כִּכַּר זָהָב וּבְשָׂמִים הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה לֹא בָא כַבֹּשֶׂם הַהוּא עוֹד לָרֹב אֲשֶׁר נָתְנָה מַלְכַּת שְׁבָא לַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה:
11Also Hiram’s ships that delivered gold from Ophir, brought from Ophir a huge quantity of almog-wood and precious stones. יאוְגַם אֳנִי חִירָם אֲשֶׁר נָשָֹא זָהָב מֵאוֹפִיר הֵבִיא מֵאֹפִיר עֲצֵי אַלְמֻגִּים הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד וְאֶבֶן יְקָרָה:
Rashi “almog wood”: corail in French.
12And the king made of the almog-wood a path to the House of the Lord and to the king’s palace, harps and psalteries to [accompany] the vocalists, there had come no such almog-wood nor has there been seen to this day. יבוַיַּעַשׂ הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת עֲצֵי הָאַלְמֻגִּים מִסְעָד לְבֵית יְהֹוָה וּלְבֵית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְכִנֹּרוֹת וּנְבָלִים לַשָּׁרִים לֹא בָא כֵן עֲצֵי אַלְמֻגִּים וְלֹא נִרְאָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
Rashi “a path to the House of the Lord:” [lit. a support.]

In II Chron. 9:11 it is written, מְסִלּוֹת, “paths to the House of the Lord”. I, therefore, say that this מִסְעָד, support, is an expression of a pavement.

to accompany the vocalists: for the Levites.
13And King Solomon gave the Queen of Sheba all her wish that she requested, aside from what he gave her, according to king Solomon’s ability; and she turned and went to her land, she and her servants. יגוְהַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה נָתַן לְמַלְכַּת שְׁבָא אֶת כָּל חֶפְצָהּ אֲשֶׁר שָׁאָלָה מִלְּבַד אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לָהּ כְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וַתֵּפֶן וַתֵּלֶךְ לְאַרְצָהּ הִיא וַעֲבָדֶיהָ:
RashiAnd King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba”: This giving refers only to the teaching of wisdom.
all her wish: He cohabited with her and Nebuchadnezzar was born to her. He later destroyed the Temple that had stood 410 years in the territory of the twelve tribes. From the Arizal.
aside from what he gave her: Gifts and delicacies that are found here and are not in her place.
Melachim I – Chapter 10 – Tanakh Online – Torah – Bible . 2015. Melachim I – Chapter 10 – Tanakh Online – Torah – Bible . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/15894. [Accessed 04 December 2015].

KJV + Strong’s

The Queen of Sheba

(2 Chronicles 9:1-12)

1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. 2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. 3 And Solomon told her all her questions: there was not [any] thing hid from the king, which he told her not. 4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the house that he had built, 5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her. 6 And she said to the king, It was a TRUE report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. 7 Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen [it]: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard. 8 Happy [are] thy men, happy [are] these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, [and] that hear thy wisdom. 9 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice. 10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones. 12 And the king made of the almug trees pillars for the house of the LORD, and for the king’s house, harps also and psalteries for singers: there came no such almug trees, nor were seen unto this day.

13 And king Solomon gave unto the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside [that] which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants.

1 Kings 10 KJV + Strong’s. 2015. 1 Kings 10 KJV + Strong’s. [ONLINE] Available at: http://biblehub.com/kjvs/1_kings/10.htm. [Accessed 04 December 2015].


  1. Read this it is rather long – next time something about the woman herself
  2. IMAGE – By Piero della FrancescaUnknown, Public Domain, Link.
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